The new technologies have meant a radical change in the way we buy, communicate or interact with other people, but they have also led to the appearance of new crimes related to technology or the commission of crimes that already existed (fraud) in a different way. We talk about computer crimes. Do you know what they are and what can you do if you have been a victim of one of them? Here we will clarify your doubts as well as Virginia computer crimes laws.
The International Criminal Code does not define cybercrime or cybercrime since it deals with crimes that affect legal rights that already exist (personal assets or privacy, for example), what varies is the means used to commit them, i.e., the telecommunication mechanisms.
The basic characteristics of a cybercrime as per Virginia computer crimes laws are the following:
- It is difficult to prove since it is difficult to find evidence due to the anonymity with which you can act on the Internet.
- They are crimes that can be committed very quickly and easily.
- They use telecommunication mechanisms.
- Types of computer crimes
- Based on the Cybercrime Convention of the European Council, we can talk about various types of cybercrime, which are the following:
- Crimes against integrity, confidentiality, and availability of data and computer systems. For example, identity theft or the use of spyware.
- Computer crimes. Deleting data or files.
- Offenses related to the content. Child pornography
- Crimes related to intellectual property. For example, the use of pirated software.
- This classification includes crimes such as threats, slander or insults through the Internet or fraud through the manipulation of computer programs or data.
What can you do if you are a victim of a cybercrime?
Due to the difficulty that can exist to prove a computer crime, one of the first things that you will have to do is gather evidence. The tests will depend on each case, but may consist of:
- Email messages
- Expert reports.
- Screenshots of the mobile.
Once you have gathered the evidence, you can file a complaint as pert Virginia computer crimes laws. You can fill in a legal document and then sign it and present it in a police station or a court along with your ID to identify yourself.
You also have the option of reporting certain facts through the citizen information form and in a completely anonymous manner.
Types of cybercriminals
Criminals who commit crimes through telecommunication means are becoming more widespread, and we can highlight the following types as per Virginia computer crimes laws:
Hackers. They are those people who are dedicated to access other teams to demonstrate their ability or to damage computer systems.
Information thieves. These are people who steal data from others for dissemination or as part of a cyberwar.
Crackers. They are the ones that access the information of the equipment to destroy it or modify it.
As you see, the options for committing computer crimes are multiple. In the case where you believe that you are a victim of a cybercrime, you can contact experts in the criminal area to advise and resolve your doubts.